The root canal procedure, usually met with apprehension, is a crucial dental treatment aimed at saving teeth that are infected or decayed. Contrary to popular belief, root canals are not painful procedures but rather essential procedures to relieve pain, preserve dental health, and prevent the need for tooth extraction. Understanding the root canal process can alleviate fears and promote proactive dental care.

The Root Canal Procedure.

The root canal procedure involves removing infected or damaged pulp from inside the tooth, disinfecting the root canal system, and sealing it to prevent further infection. It typically requires one or more visits to the dentist, or can be done in one sitting.

  • Assessment and Diagnosis: Before performing a root canal, the dentist examines the tooth and may use X-rays to assess the extent of damage and determine if a root canal is necessary.
  • Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is administered to numb the tooth and surrounding tissues, ensuring the patient’s comfort throughout the procedure.
  • Access and Cleaning: The dentist creates an opening in the crown of the tooth to access the pulp chamber and root canals. Using specialized instruments, the infected or damaged pulp is removed, and the root canal system is cleaned and disinfected to eliminate bacteria and debris.
  • Filling and Sealing: Once the root canal is cleaned and shaped, it is filled with a biocompatible material to replace the removed pulp and seal the canal to prevent recontamination. The opening in the tooth is then sealed with a temporary or permanent filling.
  • Restoration: In some cases, a dental crown may be recommended to restore the strength, function, and appearance of the tooth, particularly if it is significantly weakened or compromised by decay or damage.

Benefits of the Root Canal Procedure:

The root canal procedure offers several benefits for patients experiencing tooth pain or infection:

  • Pain Relief: By removing the infected pulp and alleviating pressure within the tooth, root canals effectively relieve pain and discomfort associated with dental infections.
  • Preservation of Natural Teeth: Root canal therapy allows patients to retain their natural teeth, avoiding the need for extraction and the potential complications of tooth loss, such as shifting of adjacent teeth and changes in bite alignment.
  • Prevention of Further Infection: Sealing the root canal prevents bacteria from re-entering and causing reinfection, preserving the tooth’s integrity and supporting long-term dental health.

If you are experiencing additional jaw pain after a root canal has been performed, its important to make a follow up appointment with your dentist to get a further diagnosis.


The root canal procedure, often feared but widely misunderstood, is a valuable treatment option that is needed to alleviate pain, preserve patient smiles, and restore dental health. By understanding the root canal process and its benefits, patients can approach treatment with confidence and prioritize proactive dental care to maintain optimal oral health for years to come.