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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 47.2% of U.S. adults over the age of 30 are affected by periodontal disease, or gum disease. In its early stages, gum disease is referred to as gingivitis. As the disease progresses, it can develop into periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. When left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth and bone loss. If you’re experiencing symptoms of gum disease, schedule an appointment at Red Bank Smiles.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is primarily caused by plaque, a sticky film on teeth containing bacteria that can harden to tartar if not removed by proper brushing and flossing. Tartar buildup that spreads below the gum line makes it more difficult to clean your teeth and remove inflammation-causing bacteria. When this happens, only a dental health professional can remove the tartar, putting a stop to the periodontal disease process.

Gum Disease Risk Factors

There are several factors that can increase your risk for getting gum disease. Besides having a family history of dental disease, the following risk factors may also contribute to periodontal disease:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Cancer
  • HIV
  • Diabetes
  • Certain medications
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Poor oral hygiene habits
  • Crooked teeth
  • Defective fillings
  • Incorrect fitting of bridges


In most cases, gum disease progresses slowly and may go unnoticed, even in its later stages. However, you may be able to pick up on some warning signs that indicate the presence of gum disease. Some common symptoms include:

  • Halitosis, or chronic bad breath
  • Bleeding gums
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Receding gums
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in bite
  • Pain while chewing

If you notice these or any other warning signs of gum disease, it’s time to schedule an appointment with Dr. Benjamin Klayman and his team at Red Bank Smiles. Call us at 732-741-1052. Our office is located at 180 River Rd in Red Bank, NJ.