Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, poses a significant threat to the dental health of patients of all ages. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 47.2% of U.S. adults over 30 are affected by such conditions. Periodontal disease may lead to a variety of long-term negative effects, from receding gums to tooth loss. If you believe you are dealing with symptoms associated with these conditions, turn to the dental experts at Red Bank Smiles in Red Bank, New Jersey.
Periodontal disease is caused by the growth of bacteria in dental plaque, a sticky material that naturally coats the teeth. Plaque must be removed regularly through healthy brushing and flossing habits, or it may harden and turn into tartar, which can prove difficult to remove without the assistance of a dentist. If tartar is allowed to build, it can eventually reach below the gum line, triggering painful inflammation. This inflammation can, in turn, create pockets conducive to rapid bacteria growth, and the infection will eventually spread throughout the mouth.