A common and mild form of gum disease, gingivitis is marked by irritation, redness and swelling of the gums, or gingiva. It happens when plaque – a naturally occurring, soft, sticky film containing bacteria – builds up on the teeth and irritates the gums. When left untreated, gingivitis can turn into periodontitis, a disease that may lead to tooth loss.
Healthy smiles start with good dental hygiene, which includes at-home care and regular visits to the dentist. Discover the symptoms of gingivitis, as well as how to prevent and treat it, with this overview from Red Bank Smiles.
Gingivitis doesn’t always cause pain, which can make it difficult to know if you have gum disease. That’s why it’s important to see your dentist regularly for checkups and cleaning. However, there are a few signs to watch out for that may indicate gingivitis, including:
- Red, puffy gums
- Gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing
- Tooth pain or sensitivity
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Receding gums
- Tender gums
- Loose teeth