Cavities can be one of the biggest fears for a skeptical patient. Cavities, also known as dental caries, are tooth decay that is prevalent in oral health care issues. These erosions impact the hard surface areas of the teeth and can result from a combination of factors.

What Causes a Cavity?

Cavities are caused by the interaction of bacteria in the mouth and the food and drink we consume. Once the bacteria encounters certain foods or beverages, they produce acid that erodes teeth by carving small holes, or cavities, within the enamel. Over time, this erosion can steepen and develop into pain, or other complications.


Preventing cavities is the key to maintaining good oral health altogether. Regular oral hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing, and using mouthwash can help counteract the acidic plaque that results from harmful bacteria developing in the mouth. Additionally, reducing the intake of sugar can help prevent cavities. 

Limiting snacking throughout the day and sticking to a balanced diet of protein, fruit, and vegetables also can reduce exposure to cavities. Finally, having regular checkups with a dental professional can help screen for cavities and combat decay.


If detected during a dental examination, treatment is necessary to prevent further damage. The most common treatment involved removing the decayed portion of the tooth and filling the remaining space with substitute material. Usually, a composite resin is used to fill in the spaces. This process restores the tooth to functionality and prevents further problems that can occur.

The best offense is a good defense. That is why it is important to consult a dentist and schedule regular checkups to prevent the spread of cavities. It is always best to practice good oral hygiene.